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Prof. Nigel Harris

Director

Joining expertise and knowledge to enhance people’s lives

Languages : English

BIOGRAPHY

Nigel Harris is the director of Designability (Bath Institute of Medical Engineering), which is a national charity joining expertise and knowledge to enhance people’s lives. He also oversees the research portfolio and is Head of Medical Engineering.Nigel is also an honorary Senior Lecturer in the School for Health at the University of Bath, a Fellow of the Institute of Physics and Engineering in Medicine, and a member of the UK National Stroke Forum. He received his B.S.c. (Biophysical Science) from the University of East London (North East London Polytechnic), M.S.c. from the University of Manchester and Ph.D. in Applications of Electrical Impedance Tomography in Respiratory Medicine from the University of Sheffield.Expertise and interests include rehabilitation research (stroke and acquired brain injury), technology for people living with Dementia, physiological measurement and ambulatory monitoring, and technology transfer and innovation tools. Research projects have included using assistive technology to help stroke patients rehabilitate at home, and monitoring patterns of physical activity during the rehabilitation of patients with respiratory disease or chronic pain.

MEDIA APPEARANCES

The Next Big Thing
Huffpost Tech (UK)

December 16, 2015

Nigel Harris is quoted in this article for Huffpost Tech (UK).

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Bristol researchers and Bath company secure £2 million grant to create robots to help look after us in old age
South West Business

December 07, 2015

"A consortium of researchers, care providers and experts have been given £2 million to find ways robots can revolutionise the way we look after older people.”Nigel Harris and Designability are the focus of this article by SouthWestBusiness.

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App finds design solutions to everyday problems for people with disabilities
MedicalXpress

August 29, 2014

"The success of an innovative design app competition, organised through our Centre for Pain Research, is cited in a recent Parliamentary Report on advances into assistive technology that could help the elderly and people living with disabilities.”Nigel Harris is cited in this article by MedicalXpress.

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Designability charity reinvents itself
Bath Chronicle

February 23, 2014

"A Bath design charity has worked some magic on itself by redesigning its offices.Designability, formerly known as The Bath Institute of Medical Engineering, is based at the Royal United Hospital and works to improve the quality of life for people with disability and health problems through the use of technology."

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Articles

Impaired Skin Microvascular Reactivity in Painful Diabetic Neuropathy
Diabetes Care

March 2007OBJECTIVEThe pathogenesis of painful diabetic neuropathy (PDN) is not clear. Following our in vivo observations of increased sural nerve epineurial blood flow in patients with PDN, we investigated the cutaneous microcirculation of the foot by laser Doppler flowmetry to determine if the epineurial findings were just confined to the nerve or more widespread in other vascular beds.RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODSWe measured foot skin vasodilator responses to acetylcholine (Ach) and sodium nitroprusside (SNP) and vasoconstrictor responses to sympathetic (deepest possible gasp) stimulation in 5 healthy control subjects, 10 non-neuropathic diabetic (NND) patients, 10 diabetic patients with painless neuropathy (PLDN), and 8 diabetic patients with PDN.RESULTSIn PDN, there were significantly reduced responses to Ach (ANOVA P = 0.003) and vasoconstrictor inspiratory gasp (ANOVA P < 0.001) but not to SNP (NS). Post hoc analysis showed significant differences in Ach-induced vasodilation between PDN and nondiabetic control subjects (P < 0.05) as well as between PDN and NND (P < 0.05) but not PDN and PLDN (NS). There were no significant differences for SNP-induced vasodilation. However, there were significant differences in the vasoconstrictor response between PDN and control, NND, and PLDN (P < 0.01).CONCLUSIONSWe found an impairment of cutaneous endothelium-related vasodilation and C-fiber–mediated vasoconstriction in PDN. Inappropriate local blood flow regulation may have a role in the pathogenesis of pain in diabetic neuropathy. Prospective studies are required to determine the temporal relationship of these changes in relation to the emergence of neuropathic pain.

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Early Involvement of the Spinal Cord in Diabetic Peripheral Neuropathy
Diabetes Care

December 2006OBJECTIVEThe pathogenesis of diabetic peripheral neuropathy (DPN) is poorly understood. We have recently reported a significant reduction in spinal cord cross-sectional area at the stage of clinically detectable DPN. In this study, we investigated whether spinal cord atrophy occurs in early (subclinical) DPN.RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODSEighty-one male type 1 diabetic subjects, 24 nondiabetic control subjects, and 8 subjects with hereditary sensory motor neuropathy (HSMN) type 1A underwent detailed clinical and neurophysiological assessments. Diabetic subjects were subsequently divided into three groups based on neuropathy severity (19 with no DPN, 23 with subclinical DPN, and 39 with clinically detectable DPN). All subjects underwent magnetic resonance imaging of the cervical spine and cord area measurements at disc level C2/C3.RESULTSMean corrected spinal cord area index (SCAI) (corrected for age, height, and weight) was 67.5 mm [95% CI 64.1–70.9] in diabetic subjects without DPN. Those with subclinical (62.4 mm [59.5–65.3]) and clinically detectable DPN (57.2 mm [54.9–59.6]) had lower mean SCAIs compared with subjects with no DPN (P = 0.03 and P < 0.001, respectively). No significant difference was found between diabetic subjects without DPN and nondiabetic control subjects (69.2 mm [66.3–72.0], P = 0.47). Mean SCAIs in subjects with HSMN type 1A (71.07 mm [65.3–76.9]) were not significantly different from those for nondiabetic control subjects and diabetic subjects without DPN. Among diabetic subjects, SCAI was significantly related to sural sensory conduction velocities and the Neuropathy Composite and Symptom Scores.CONCLUSIONSSpinal cord involvement occurs early in DPN. There is also a significant relation between reduction in SCAI and neurophysiological assessments of DPN.

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Position-sensing technologies for movement analysis in stroke rehabilitation
Medical and Biological Engineering and Computing

August 2005Research has focused on improvement of the quality of life of stroke patients. Gait detection, kinematics and kinetics analysis, home-based rehabilitation and telerehabilitation are the areas where there has been increasing research interest. The paper reviews position-sensing technologies and their application for human movement tracking and stroke rehabilitation. The review suggests that it is feasible to build a home-based telerehabilitation system for sensing and tracking the motion of stroke patients.

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Mechanisms of Abnormal Cardiac Repolarization During Insulin-Induced Hypoglycemia
Diabetes

June 2003Prolonged cardiac repolarization causes fatal cardiac arrhythmias. There is evidence that these contribute to sudden death associated with nocturnal hypoglycemia in young people with diabetes. We measured cardiac repolarization (QT interval [QTc] and QT dispersion [QTd]) during experimental hypoglycemia with and without β-blockade and potassium infusion to establish possible mechanisms. Two groups of 10 nondiabetic men (study 1 and study 2) each underwent four hyperinsulinemic clamps: two euglycemic (5 mmol/l) and two hypoglycemic (5 mmol/l and 2.5 mmol/l for 60 min each). Study 1 was performed with and without potassium infusion to maintain normal concentrations and study 2 with and without β-blockade (atenolol, 100 mg/day for 7 days). QTd was unchanged during euglycemia but increased during hypoglycemia (55 ms, P < 0.0001 vs. baseline), which was prevented by potassium (6 ms, P = 0.78). QTc increased significantly during hypoglycemia alone (67 ms, P < 0.0001) and during potassium replacement (46 ms, P = 0.02). In study 2, the increase in QTd during hypoglycemia (68 ms, P < 0.0001) was prevented by β-blockade (3 ms, P = 0.88). The increase in QTc during hypoglycemia (55 ms, P < 0.0001) was prevented by β-blockade (1 ms, P = 0.98). Our data indicate that hypoglycemia causes an acquired long QT syndrome. Sympathoadrenal stimulation is the main cause, through mechanisms that involve but are not limited to catecholamine-mediated hypokalemia. These abnormalities are prevented by selective β-blockade.

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Spinal-cord involvement in diabetic peripheral neuropathy
The Lancelet

July 2001The pathogenesis of diabetic distal symmetrical polyneuropathy (DSP) is poorly understood but there is some evidence that the disease process might extend beyond peripheral nerves. We used magnetic-resonance imaging to measure spinal-cord cross-sectional area in diabetic patients with and without DSP and in healthy controls. There were significant differences in cord area between the groups at C4/5 and T3/4 (p=0·004 and p=0·033, respectively), with a smaller cord area in those with DSP compared with controls (p=0·001 and p=0·016 for C4/5 and T3/4, respectively). These results indicate that DSP is not simply a disease of the peripheral nerve and that there is substantial involvement of the spinal cord.

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MORE INFORMATION

Area of Expertise

Ambulatory Monitoring

Chronic Diseases

Connected Technologies

Dementia

Innovation Tools

Physiological Measurement

Psychology

Re-ablement

Region: Europe

Rehabilitation Research

Technology Transfer

Technology for people living with Dementia

Affiliation

The Department for Health at the University of Bath : Honorary Chair

The Institute of Physics and Engineering in Medicine : Fellow

The Health Professions Council : Registered Clinical Scientist

Royal United Hospital Bath : Honorary Consultant Clinical Scientist

Industry

Writing and Editing

Research

Education/Learning

Health and Wellness

Education

University of Sheffield : Medical Physics

University of Manchester : Science

North East London Polytechnic : Biophysical Science

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